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Dynamical core in atmospheric model does matter in the simulation of Arctic climate

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Title
Dynamical core in atmospheric model does matter in the simulation of Arctic climate
Other Titles
대기모델 역학코어의 북극 기후 모의에서의 중요성
Authors
Jun, Sang-Yoon
Kim, Baek-Min
Choi, Suk-Jin
Subject
Geosciences,; Multidisciplinary
Keywords
latitude-longitude grid; cubed-sphere grid; climate modeling; dynamical core;; Arctic climate
Issue Date
2018
Citation
Jun, Sang-Yoon, Kim, Baek-Min, Choi, Suk-Jin. 2018. "Dynamical core in atmospheric model does matter in the simulation of Arctic climate". GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH LETTERS, 45(6): 2805-2814.
Abstract
Climate models using different dynamical cores can simulate significantly different winter Arctic climates even if equipped with virtually same physics schemes. Current climate simulated by the GCM using cubed-sphere grid with spectral element method (SE core) exhibited significantly warmer Arctic surface air temperature (SAT) compared to that using latitude-longitude grid with finite volume method (FV core). Compared to the FV core, SE core simulated additional adiabatic warming in the Arctic lower atmosphere and this was consistent with the eddy-forced secondary circulation. Downward longwave radiation further enhanced Arctic near-surface warming with a higher SAT of about 1.9 K. Furthermore, in the atmospheric response to the reduced sea ice conditions with same physical settings, only the SE core showed a robust cooling response over North America. We emphasize that special attention is needed in selecting the dynamical core of climate models in the simulation of the Arctic climate and associated teleconnection patterns.
URI
http://repository.kopri.re.kr/handle/201206/9428
DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/2018GL077478
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