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Sulfuric Acid Formation via H2SO3 Oxidation by H2O2 in the Atmosphere

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Sulfuric Acid Formation via H2SO3 Oxidation by H2O2 in the Atmosphere
Other Titles
과산화수소에 의한 아황산의 산화로 인한 황산생성기작 연구
Svetlana Shostak
Kim, Kitae
Yevhen Horbatenko
아황산; 에어로졸; 황산
Issue Date
Svetlana Shostak, et al. 2019. "Sulfuric Acid Formation via H2SO3 Oxidation by H2O2 in the Atmosphere". JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY A, 123(39): 8385-8390.
With the help of quantum mechanical methods, the formation of H2SO4 by oxidation of H2SO3 with H2O2 was studied theoretically. Both stepwise and concerted mechanisms were calculated. It was found that the direct oxidation of H2SO3 by H2O2 alone requires prohibitive activation energies of > 38.6 kcal/mol. However, the addition of one water molecule exhibits a strong catalytic effect that dramatically reduces the overall reaction barrier to 6.2 kcal/mol. The deprotonated HSO3? species also reduce the overall reaction barrier to 5.6 kcal/mol. Both of these proceed via concerted pathways. On the other hand, the stepwise mechanisms generally produce intermediates with a hydroperoxy group (-O-O-H), which is a result of a nucleophilic attack by the oxygens of H2O2. While studying the catalytic effect of water, a previously unknown hydroperoxy intermediate (HOO)S(OH)3, where sulfur is coordinated with three OH groups was found. This work also reveals a rearrangement step of another hydroperoxy intermediate (HOO)SO2 ? to HSO4 ? that was found in earlier experimental studies. For all the mechanisms calculated, the final H2SO4 is formed with a significant exothermicity of > 60 kcal/mol. In general, even without sunlight, it was found that the formation of sulfuric acid by hydrogen peroxide can occur in low-temperature environment.
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