The latitudinal gradient in rock-inhabiting bacterial community compositions in Victoria Land, Antarctica
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- The latitudinal gradient in rock-inhabiting bacterial community compositions in Victoria Land, Antarctica
- Other Titles
- 남극 빅토리아랜드 지역에서 위도구배에 따른 암석미생물 군집구조 연구
Lee, Jong Ik
Hong, Soon Gyu
- Antarctica; Correlation; Latitudinal gradient; Machine learning; Rock-inhabiting bacterial community
- Issue Date
- 이재진, et al. 2019. "The latitudinal gradient in rock-inhabiting bacterial community compositions in Victoria Land, Antarctica". SCIENCE OF THE TOTAL ENVIRONMENT, 657(1): 731-738.
- The harsh conditions in Victoria Land, Antarctica have formed a simple ecosystem dominated by microbes that use rocks as shelters to avoid environmental stressors. The area is composed of basement rocks that illustrate the history of complex deformation and can be an ideal environment to investigate the relationship between rock-inhabiting bacterial communities and environmental factors. Because this region is inhospitable to living organisms and receives least external, inorganics dissolved from minerals can be considered as key factors influencing rock-inhabiting bacterial communities. Thus, the present study attempted to explore rockinhabiting bacterial communities throughout Victoria Land, to identify environmental parameters that are more influential on bacterial community compositions, and to investigate latitudinal gradients in environmental parameters and rock-inhabiting bacterial communities. The results suggested that (i) rock-inhabiting bacterial communities in Victoria Land predominately consisted of either Actinobacteria or Proteobacteria; (ii) latitudinal gradients in rock-inhabiting bacterial community compositions and chemical parameters were observed; (iii) latitude, pH, nitrate, and sulfate significantly correlated with the dominant phyla; and (iv) the Classification and Regression Tree (CART) analysis demonstrated that latitude, pH, and sulfate concentrations could explain the dominant phylum with 89% accuracy. These findings can provide important insight into the link between environmental factors and rock-inhabiting bacterial community compositions in conditions with extremely cold temperatures and high levels of radiation, which could also be of interest in astrobiology.
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