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Dependence of Projected Future Change in the Arctic Oscillation on the Stratospheric Wave Activity among High-top CMIP5 Models

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Title
Dependence of Projected Future Change in the Arctic Oscillation on the Stratospheric Wave Activity among High-top CMIP5 Models
Other Titles
Dependence of Projected Future Change in the Arctic Oscillation on the Stratospheric Wave Activity among High-top CMIP5 Models
Authors
Kim, Joo-Hong
Kim, Seong-Joong
Kim, Baek-Min
Kim, Ji-Won
Keywords
Arctic Oscillation; CMIP5; EP flux; Projected Future Change; Stratospheric Wave Activity
Issue Date
2014
Citation
Kim, Joo-Hong, et al. 2014. Dependence of Projected Future Change in the Arctic Oscillation on the Stratospheric Wave Activity among High-top CMIP5 Models. 2014년 한국기상학회 가을학술대회. 제주국제컨벤션센터. 2014.10.13~2014.10.15.
Abstract
The Arctic Oscillation (AO) is a zonally symmetric mode of mass exchange (also, zonal-mean zonal winds) between the mid- and high-latitude in the Northern Hemisphere with a vertically equivalent barotropic structure (Thompson and Wallace 2000). The AO owes its existence to the wave-mean flow interaction in the mid-latitude westerly zone (Limpasuvan and Hartmann 2000). One of way of the wave-mean flow interaction is that the breaking or absorption of planetary waves (i.e., the convergence of Eliassen-Palm (EP) fluxes) locally changes the speed of zonalmean zonal winds (Eliassen and Palm 1960), which should influence the AO phase. In the present study, projected future AO changes are evaluated among historical and representative concentration pathway (RCP) scenario runs of the 5th phase Coupled Model Intercomparison Project (CMIP5) models (Taylor et al. 2012), in the context of the wave-mean flow interaction in the troposphere and stratosphere. The CMIP5 models can be broadly grouped into two: one with lid height above 1 hPa (“high-top model”) and the other with lid height below 1 hPa (“low-top model”). In the high-top model group, the projected future change of seasonal intensity of stratospheric wave absorption/breaking (measured by the EP flux divergence) is a systematic indicator for the AO change, because the two parameters are linearly related with each other among the models (Fig. 1). In contrast, the linear relationship is not found in the low-top model group. The results may imply that the more realistically resolved stratospheric processes in the high-top model group enhance the structural dependence of the AO changes on the stratospheric changes, which may, in turn, imply the increased role of stratosphere-troposphere coupling on the AO changes in the high-top models.
URI
http://repository.kopri.re.kr/handle/201206/8210
Conference Name
2014년 한국기상학회 가을학술대회
Conference Place
제주국제컨벤션센터
Conference Date
2014.10.13~2014.10.15
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