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Seasonality of aerosol chemical composition at King Sejong Station (Antarctic Peninsula) in 2013

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Title
Seasonality of aerosol chemical composition at King Sejong Station (Antarctic Peninsula) in 2013
Other Titles
2013 세종기지 관측 에어로졸 이온 성분 계절 변동성
Authors
Hong, Sang-Bum
Yoon, Young Jun
Becagli, Silvia
Gim, Yeontae
Chambers, S.D.
Park, Ki-Tae
Park, Sangjong
Traversi, Rita
Severi, Mirko
Vitale, V.
Kim, Joo-Hong
Jang, Eunho
Crawford, J.
Griffiths, A.D.
Subject
Environmental Sciences & Ecology; Meteorology & Atmospheric Sciences
Keywords
PM10 and PM2.5 aerosol; King sejong station; Seasonal variations of ionic components; Sea spray; Biogenic sulphur compounds; Ammonium
Issue Date
2020-02
Citation
Hong, Sang-Bum, et al. 2020. "Seasonality of aerosol chemical composition at King Sejong Station (Antarctic Peninsula) in 2013". ATMOSPHERIC ENVIRONMENT, 223(1): 117185-NaN.
Abstract
Seasonal variations of ionic species concentrations in Pls43.0 and PM2,5 aerosols were investigated at King Sejong Station (King George Island, Antarctic Peninsula) in 2013. Seasonal variations of PM2,5 mass were also determined, and found to be in the range: 2482.2 944.4 ng m-3 (austral winter) to 3493.3 1223.8 ng m-3 (austral fall). On a weight basis, the PM2.5 ionic species consisted mainly of primary ions from sea spray (-30% in summer,-50% in winter) and partly from secondary ions (-20% in summer), with the ratios of sea spray and secondary ion components to PM2,5 mass showing clear seasonal variation. The seasonal cycle of sea spray components was not well defined, but was weakly correlated with wind speed (r2 = 0.38). This correlation was likely attributable to a combination of the seasonal properties of wind and the measurement site's location at the western tip of Barton Peninsula. The concentrations of sulphur species (CH3S03 and non sea salt SO.i-) were clearly higher during austral summer. Notably, these concentrations were-2-3 times higher during in January 2013 than in other summer months of the field observation period. This was attributed to an increased biomass of algae in the ocean area surrounding King George Island and more frequent air mass passage over ocean areas with algae blooms. The NHt concentration was also clearly higher in austral summer 2013, mainly due to secondary formation from the NH3 released from local emission sources such as penguin colonies and ocean areas near the measurement site with acidic aerosol, but also affected by local meteorology specific to the summer of 2014.
URI
https://repository.kopri.re.kr/handle/201206/10498
DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosenv.2019.117185
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