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Dynamic Initialization for Whole Atmospheric Global Modeling

Cited 3 time in wos
Cited 3 time in scopus
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Title
Dynamic Initialization for Whole Atmospheric Global Modeling
Other Titles
전층대기 전지구 모델을 위한 역학적 초기화
Authors
Song, In-Sun
Chun, H. -Y.
Jee, Geonhwa
Kim, S. -Y.
Kim, J.
Kim, Y. -H.
Taylor, M. A.
Subject
Meteorology & Atmospheric Sciences
Keywords
Initialization; balanced flow; whole atmosphere; gravity wave; residual circulation; large-scale instability
Issue Date
2018-09
Citation
Song, In-Sun, et al. 2018. "Dynamic Initialization for Whole Atmospheric Global Modeling". JOURNAL OF ADVANCES IN MODELING EARTH SYSTEMS, 10(9): 2096-2120.
Abstract
An iterative dynamic initialization method is presented to produce balanced initial conditions for whole-atmospheric global modeling. In this method, a global hydrostatic nu1merical model is iteratively nudged towards ground-to-space (G2S) wind and temperature profiles at specific date and time. G2S atmospheric profiles are obtained by fitting spline curves to reanalyses below the lower mesosphere and empirical model results in the upper atmosphere. An optimal nudging coefficient is determined by examining if reasonable structure of mesospheric gravity-wave (GW) momentum forcing and residual mean meridional circulations can be obtained from balanced initial conditions. Estimated mesospheric GW momentum forcing is found to exhibit a distinctive structure with larger (smaller) values in the lower and upper mesosphere (in the mid-mesosphere), when compared with parameterized climatological forcing. The iterative dynamic initialization allows for dynamical balance among model's prognostic variables and reduces excitation of spurious gravity waves and noises at initial time. However, theoretical imbalances, measured by the ellipticity of the nonlinear balance equation, are not completely eliminated in balanced flows, and they are found in narrow tropospheric frontal regions and over localized areas associated with the large-scale instability in the mid-latitude middle atmosphere. These imbalances are discussed in the context of their potential relation to generation of planetary-scale and inertia-gravity waves around the middle-atmospheric and tropospheric jets.
URI
https://repository.kopri.re.kr/handle/201206/10843
DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2017MS001213
Appears in Collections  
2018-2018, Understanding polar upper atmospheric changes by energy inputs from the space environment and the lower atmosphere (18-18) / Jee, Geonhwa (PE18020)
2017-2018, Understanding polar upper atmospheric changes by energy inputs from the space environment and the lower atmosphere (17-18) / Jee, Geonhwa (PE17020; PE18020)
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