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Laboratory examination of greenhouse gaseous and microbial dynamics during thawing of frozen soil core collected from a black spruce forest in Interior Alaska

Cited 2 time in wos
Cited 2 time in scopus
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Title
Laboratory examination of greenhouse gaseous and microbial dynamics during thawing of frozen soil core collected from a black spruce forest in Interior Alaska
Other Titles
알래스카 내륙의 black spruce 숲에서 획득한 동토코어의 융해기간 동안의 온실기체와 미생물학적 역학관계의 실험실 실험
Authors
Nagano, Hirohiko
Kim, Yongwon
Lee, Bang Yong
Shigeta, Haruka
Inubushi, Kazuyuki
Subject
Plant Sciences; Environmental Sciences & Ecology; Agriculture
Keywords
Black spruce forest; greenhouse gas; next-generation sequencing; permafrost; soil thaw
Issue Date
2018-11
Citation
Hirohiko Nagano, et al. 2018. "Laboratory examination of greenhouse gaseous and microbial dynamics during thawing of frozen soil core collected from a black spruce forest in Interior Alaska". SOIL SCIENCE AND PLANT NUTRITION, 64(6): 793-802.
Abstract
In this study, we conducted an incubation experiment on a frozen soil core collected from a black spruce forest in Interior Alaska, in order to investigate potential changes in greenhouse gaseous (GHG) and microbial dynamics during thawing of frozen soil. The soil thawing is an important environmental process determining the annual GHG balance in the northern high-latitude ecosystem. A core spanning the ground surface to upper permafrost with a depth of 90 cm was vertically grouped into three layers (top, middle, and bottom layers). Then, 12 soil samples from 3 layers (i.e., 4 soil samples per layer) were incubated for 3 weeks, and net carbon dioxide (CO2) and methane (CH4) release/uptake rates were estimated. During the incubation, temperature was changed weekly from 0 to 5, then 10°C. The net amounts of CO2 released by six of the eight soil samples from the top and middle layers were 1.5?19.2- fold greater at 5°C than at 0°C, while the release at 10°C was reduced in the cases of three of these six soil samples. Net CH4 release was the greatest in bottom-layer soil samples incubated at 0°C. Then, low but apparent CH4 release was observed in top and middle-layer soil samples incubated at 0°C. At 5 and 10°C, net CH4 release from bottom-layer soil samples was decreased. Then, net CH4 uptake was observed in the top and the middle-layer soil samples. Both net uptake and release of CH4 were reduced upon the addition of a chemical inhibitor (i.e., 2-bromoethane sulfonate) of anaerobic methanotrophic and methanogenic activity. The bacterial and archaeal community structures based on 16S rRNA amplicon analysis were changed along the depth, while they were less changed during thawing. Thus, it was found that soil GHG dynamics responded sensitively and variously to thawing, while there was less change in 16S rRNA-based microbial community structures during the thawing progress.
URI
https://repository.kopri.re.kr/handle/201206/10855
DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00380768.2018.1525267
Appears in Collections  
2018-2018, Arctic permafrost environment change monitoring and prediction method developments (18-18) / Lee, Bang Yong (PN18081)
2018-2018, Investigation for the cause of east-west different climate responses in Antarctica (18-18) / Kim, Seong-Joong (PE18010)
2017-2018, Investigation for the cause of east-west different climate responses in Antarctica (17-18) / Choi, Taejin; Kim, Seong-Joong (PE17010; PE18010)
2016-2018, Arctic permafrost environment change monitoring and prediction method developments (16-18) / Lee, Bang Yong (PN16081; PN17081; PN18081)
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