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Improved Pleistocene sediment stratigraphy and paleoenvironmental implications for the western Arctic Ocean off the East Siberian and Chukchi margins

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Title
Improved Pleistocene sediment stratigraphy and paleoenvironmental implications for the western Arctic Ocean off the East Siberian and Chukchi margins
Other Titles
서북극해 동시베리아와 척치 주변부 퇴적층서 향상과 고환경적 의미
Authors
Schreck, Michael
Nam, Seung-il
Polyak, L.
Vogt, C.
Kong, G.S.
Stein, R.
Matthiessen, J.
Niessen, F.
Keywords
Arctic Ocean; Lithostratigraphy; Middle Weichselian glaciation; Middle and Late Weichselian glaciation; Non-destructive measurements; RV Araon; Stratigraphy
Issue Date
2018-07
Citation
Michael Schreck, et al. 2018. "Improved Pleistocene sediment stratigraphy and paleoenvironmental implications for the western Arctic Ocean off the East Siberian and Chukchi margins". ARKTOS, 4(21): 1-20.
Abstract
Sediment cores from the East Siberian and Chukchi margins and adjacent basins are used to refine the upper Pleistocene stratigraphy and better constrain the timing of major glacial advances in the western Arctic Ocean. Cores have been analysed using high-resolution non-destructive physical properties (density, magnetic susceptibility and colour) and X-ray fluorescence elemental measurements (manganese and calcium contents). All analysed cores reveal a spatially coherent stratigraphic pattern that enables robust correlations from the East Siberian margin to the Mendeleev and Northwind Ridges, thus highlighting the potential of such multiproxy approach for improving stratigraphic framework. The distribution of sedimentary units resulting from core correlation indicates decreasing sedimentation rates by more than one order of magnitude from the East Siberian margin east- and northwards, reflecting an increased distance from the main sediment sources, increasing seaice cover, and longer residence times in the Beaufort Gyre circulation. The stratigraphy presented, consistent with existing geophysical data, indicates the most recent major glacial advance from the East Siberian margin with ice grounding at water depth > 800?m during estimated Marine Isotope Stages 4/3, roughly contemporaneous with the Middle Weichselian glaciation in northern Eurasia. Earlier glacial events are potentially indicated by glaciogenic units in cores away from the margin, where they are not overprinted by a younger ice advance. Sediment thickness increase towards the Siberian margin also suggests the possibility of a limited MIS 2 glaciation, although no direct evidence for such an ice sheet has been found thus far.
URI
https://repository.kopri.re.kr/handle/201206/10870
DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s41063-018-0057-8
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