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Characteristics of the Occurrence of Ion Upflow in Association With Ion/Electron Heating in the Polar Ionosphere

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Title
Characteristics of the Occurrence of Ion Upflow in Association With Ion/Electron Heating in the Polar Ionosphere
Other Titles
극지 전리권에서 이온/전자 온도상승과 관련된 이온 수직 상승 현상 발생의 특성 연구
Authors
Ji, Eun-Young
Jee, Geonhwa
Lee, Changsup
Subject
Astronomy & Astrophysics
Keywords
polar ionosphere; ion upflow; EISCAT; Svalbard
Issue Date
2019-07
Citation
Ji, Eun-Young, Jee, Geonhwa, Lee, Changsup. 2019. "Characteristics of the Occurrence of Ion Upflow in Association With Ion/Electron Heating in the Polar Ionosphere". JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-SPACE PHYSICS, 124(7): 6226-6236.
Abstract
We investigate the statistical characteristics of the ion upflow occurrence in association with ion and electron heatings in the polar ionosphere using the European Incoherent Scatter Svalbard Radar (ESR) during the period of 2000-2015. The ion upflow events are classified as four types: with ion temperature increase (Type 1); with electron temperature increase (Type 2); with both ion and electron temperature increases (Type 3); without any temperature increase (Type 4). These four types of upflow events are statistically analysed with various geophysical conditions. We found that the overall occurrence of ion upflow is highest for Type 3 and then followed by Type 2, Type 1 and Type 4. This result indicates that the ion upflow is highly associated with soft particle precipitation induced electron heating, which becomes more effective with simultaneous friction induced ion heating. The statistical characteristics of ion upflow is summarized as: (1) it is most highly distributed in the daytime with a double peak structure but a deep minimum at dusk, (2) the highest occurrence appears at about 350 ~ 450 km altitude for most of local time but extended to higher altitude near the magnetic local noon, (3) the ions mostly reach only up to about 200 km above their initiated altitudes, (4) it tends to increase with magnetic activity, particularly during the daytime, but (5) decreases and distributed at higher altitude with increasing solar activity, (6) finally, the maximum occurrence appears in December solstice but the minimum in June solstice for most of local times.
URI
https://repository.kopri.re.kr/handle/201206/10922
DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2019JA026799
Appears in Collections  
2019-2019, Understanding polar upper atmospheric changes by energy inputs from the space environment and the lower atmosphere (19-19) / Jee, Geonhwa (PE19020)
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