Sinking particle flux and composition at three sites of different annual sea ice cover in the Amundsen Sea, Antarctica
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- Sinking particle flux and composition at three sites of different annual sea ice cover in the Amundsen Sea, Antarctica
- Other Titles
- 남극 아문젠해 연간 해빙분포가 다른 세 개 정점에서의 침강입자 플럭스 및 조성
- Kim, Minkyoung
Yang, Eun Jin
Kim, Hyung J.
Ducklow, Hugh W.
Lee, Sang Hoon
- Geology; Marine & Freshwater Biology; Oceanography
- Amundsen Sea; Biological pump; Particulate organic carbon; Perennial ice-covered area; Polynya
- Issue Date
- Kim, Minkyoung, et al. 2019. "Sinking particle flux and composition at three sites of different annual sea ice cover in the Amundsen Sea, Antarctica". JOURNAL OF MARINE SYSTEMS, 192(1): 42-50.
- This study examines the sinking particle flux and composition of samples collected at three sites in the western Amundsen Sea, Antarctica: a perrennial sea-ice-covered area, the central region of the Amundsen Sea polynya, and close to the Dotson Ice Shelf within the polynya. Time series sediment traps were deployed for one year at depths of 400-500 m from February and March 2012. Observations from the three sites confirm previously reported findings that the majority of annual POC (particulate organic carbon) flux in the Amundsen Sea occurs during the austral summer, with much smaller POC fluxes during other seasons. In the perennial ice-covered area, sea ice diatoms were the dominant source of sinking particles. In the region, the summertime POC flux is similar to that in the central polynya. However, the POC flux exhibited large interannual variability, with the reduction in sea ice cover and sufficient insolation being critical to enhanced sinking POC flux. Within the Amundsen Sea polynya, the sinking POC flux was higher in the central region than near the Dotson Ice Shelf, consistent with spatial variability in primary production. The site near the Dotson Ice Shelf had the lowest contribution of diatoms to sinking particles and the smallest POC flux among the three sites.
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