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A missing component of Arctic warming: black carbon from gas flaring

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Cited 1 time in scopus
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Title
A missing component of Arctic warming: black carbon from gas flaring
Other Titles
북극 온난화의 누락된 요소: 가스 플레어링에 의한 블랙카본
Authors
Cho, Mee-Hyun
Park, Rokjin J.
Yoon, Jinho
Choi, Yonghan
Jeong, Jaein I.
Labzovskii, Lev
Fu, Joshua S.
Huang, Kan
Jeong, Su-Jong
Kim, Baek-Min
Subject
Environmental Sciences & Ecology; Meteorology & Atmospheric Sciences
Keywords
Arctic warming; black carbon; gas flaring; sea-ice melting; moisture transport
Issue Date
2019-09
Citation
Cho, Mee-Hyun, et al. 2019. "A missing component of Arctic warming: black carbon from gas flaring". ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH LETTERS, 14(9): 94011-94011.
Abstract
Gas flaring during oil extraction over the Arctic region is the primary source of warming-inducing aerosols (e.g. black carbon (BC)) with a strong potential to affect regional climate change. Despite continual BC emissions near the Arctic Ocean via gas flaring, the climatic impact of BC related to gas flaring remains uncertain. Here, we present simulations of potential gas flaring using an earth system model with comprehensive aerosol physics to show that increases in BC from gas flaring can potentially explain a significant fraction of Arctic warming. BC emissions from gas flaring over high latitudes contribute to locally confined warming over the source region, especially during the Arctic spring through BC-induced local albedo reduction. This local warming invokes remote and temporally lagging sea-ice melting feedback processes over the Arctic Ocean during winter. Our findings imply that a regional change in anthropogenic aerosol forcing is capable of changing Arctic temperatures in regions far from the aerosol source via time-lagged, sea-ice-related Arctic physical processes. We suggest that both energy consumption and production processes can increase Arctic warming.
URI
https://repository.kopri.re.kr/handle/201206/10968
DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/1748-9326/ab374d
Appears in Collections  
2019-2019, Development and Application of the Korea Polar Prediction System (KPOPS) for Climate Change and Disasterous Weather Events (19-19) / Kim, Joo-Hong (PE19130)
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