Impact of poleward heat and moisture transports on Arctic clouds and climate simulation
Cited 0 time in
Cited 0 time in
- Impact of poleward heat and moisture transports on Arctic clouds and climate simulation
- Other Titles
- 열과 수증기의 극향 수송이 북극의 구름과 기후 모의에 미치는 영향
- Baek, Eun-Hyuk
- Environmental Sciences & Ecology; Meteorology & Atmospheric Sciences
- Issue Date
- Eun-Hyuk Baek, et al. 2020. "Impact of poleward heat and moisture transports on Arctic clouds and climate simulation". ATMOSPHERIC CHEMISTRY AND PHYSICS, 20(5): 2953-2966.
- Many general circulation models (GCMs) have difficulty simulating Arctic clouds and climate, causing substantial inter-model spread. To address this issue, two Atmospheric Model Inter-comparison Project (AMIP) simulations from the Community Atmosphere Model version 5 (CAM5) and Seoul National University (SNU) Atmosphere Model version 0 (SAM0) with a Unified Convection Scheme (UNICON) are employed to identify an effective mechanism for improving Arctic cloud and climate simulations. Over the Arctic, SAM0 produced a larger cloud fraction and cloud liquid mass than CAM5, reducing the negative Arctic cloud biases in CAM5. The analysis of cloud water condensate rates indicates that this improvement is associated with an enhanced net condensation rate of water vapor into the liquid condensate of Arctic low-level clouds, which in turn is driven by enhanced poleward transports of heat and moisture by the mean meridional circulation and transient eddies. The reduced Arctic cloud biases lead to improved simulations of surface radiation fluxes and near-surface air temperature over the Arctic throughout the year. The association between the enhanced poleward transports of heat and moisture and increase in liquid clouds over the Arctic is also evident not only in both models, but also in the multi-model analysis. Our study demonstrates that enhanced poleward heat and moisture transport in a model can improve simulations of Arctic clouds and climate.
- Files in This Item
- Can archive pre-print and post-print or publisher's version/PDF
Can archive post-print (ie final draft post-refereeing) or publisher's version/PDF
Can archive pre-print (ie pre-refereeing)
Archiving not formally supported
Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.