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Freezing-accelerated removal of chromate by biochar synthesized from waste rice husk

Cited 5 time in wos
Cited 8 time in scopus
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Title
Freezing-accelerated removal of chromate by biochar synthesized from waste rice husk
Other Titles
바이오촤와 동결을 이용한 크롬 중금속 제거에 관한 연구
Authors
Han, Tae Uk
Kim, Jungwon
Kim, Kitae
Subject
Engineering
Keywords
Ice; Freeze concentration effect; Chromate; Biochar; Dissolved organic matter
Issue Date
2020-11
Citation
Han, Tae Uk, Kim, Jungwon, Kim, Kitae. 2020. "Freezing-accelerated removal of chromate by biochar synthesized from waste rice husk". SEPARATION AND PURIFICATION TECHNOLOGY, 250(1): 117233-117241.
Abstract
The application of biochar has been considered a promising method for remediating contaminated water, as biochar exhibits a redox activity for environmentally relevant redox reactions. Although the mechanisms of various redox reactions by biochar in water have been widely investigated, investigations of reaction in ice have not been attempted. In this study, the freezing-accelerated removal of chromate (Cr(VI)) by biochar synthesized from waste rice husks (RH-BC) was investigated in water (25 oC) and ice (-20 oC). The reduction of Cr(VI) with RH-BC was insignificant in water, whereas an enhanced reduction efficiency of Cr(VI) was observed in ice due to the freeze concentration phenomenon. The enhanced redox reaction between Cr(VI) and dissolved organic matter (DOM) is primarily responsible for the accelerated Cr(VI) reduction in ice, wherein DOM is a primary component of RH-BC. Experiments on various conditions of pH and RH-BC concentrations reveal that Cr(VI) is heavily reduced at low pH values and an aggregation of RH-BC in ice can inhibit the reduction efficiency of Cr(VI) due to a decrease in active sites. The removal of Cr(VI) by RH-BC was successfully achieved with real Cr(VI)-contaminated wastewater in ice; this elucidated the environmental relevance of freezing-assisted Cr(VI) removal in cold regions.
URI
https://repository.kopri.re.kr/handle/201206/11957
DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.seppur.2020.117233
Appears in Collections  
2020-2020, Investigation of ice microstructure properties for developing low-temperature purification and environment/energy materials (20-20) / Kim, Kitae (PE20030)
2020-2020, Development of potential candidates as antibiotics based on polar genetic resources (20-20) / Lee, Jun Hyuck (PM20030)
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