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Characteristics of methanesulfonic acid, non-sea-salt sulfate and organic carbon aerosols over the Amundsen Sea, Antarctica

Cited 4 time in wos
Cited 4 time in scopus
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Title
Characteristics of methanesulfonic acid, non-sea-salt sulfate and organic carbon aerosols over the Amundsen Sea, Antarctica
Other Titles
남극 아문젠 해역에서의 메탄술폰산, 비해염성 황산염, 유기탄소 에어로졸의 특성
Authors
Jung, Jinyoung
Hong, Sang-Bum
Chen, Meilian
Hur, Jin
Jiao, Liping
Lee, Youngju
Park, Keyhong
Hahm, Doshik
Choi, Jung-Ok
Yang, Eun Jin
Park, Jisoo
Kim, Tae-Wan
Lee, SangHoon
Subject
Environmental Sciences & Ecology; Meteorology & Atmospheric Sciences
Issue Date
2020-05
Citation
Jung, Jinyoung, et al. 2020. "Characteristics of methanesulfonic acid, non-sea-salt sulfate and organic carbon aerosols over the Amundsen Sea, Antarctica". ATMOSPHERIC CHEMISTRY AND PHYSICS, 20(9): 5405-5424.
Abstract
To investigate the characteristics of particulate methanesulfonic acid (MSA((p))), non-sea-salt sulfate (nss SO42-) and organic carbon (OC) aerosols, aerosol and seawater samples were collected over the Southern Ocean (43-70 degrees S) and the Amundsen Sea (70-75 degrees S) during the ANA06B cruise conducted in the austral summer of 2016 aboard the Korean icebreaker IBR/V Araon. Over the Southern Ocean, the atmospheric MSA((p)) concentration was low (0.10 +/- 0.002 mu g m(-3)), whereas its concentration increased sharply up to 0.57 mu g m(-3) in the Amundsen Sea where Phaeocystis antarctica (P. antarctica), a producer of dimethylsulfide (DMS), was the dominant phytoplankton species. Unlike MSA((p)), the mean nss SO42- concentration in the Amundsen Sea was comparable to that in the Southern Ocean. Water-soluble organic carbon (WSOC) concentrations over the Southern Ocean and the Amundsen Sea varied from 0.048 to 0.16 and 0.070 to 0.18 mu gC m(-3), with averages of 0.087 +/- 0.038 and 0.097 +/- 0.038 mu gC m(-3), respectively. For water-insoluble organic carbon (WIOC), its mean concentrations over the Southern Ocean and the Amundsen Sea were 0.25 +/- 0.13 and 0.26 +/- 0.10 mu gC m(-3), varying from 0.083 to 0.49 and 0.12 to 0.38 mu gC m(-3), respectively. WIOC was the dominant organic carbon species in both the Southern Ocean and the Amundsen Sea, accounting for 73 %-75 % of the total aerosol organic carbon. WSOC/Na+ and WIOC/Na+ ratios in the fine-mode aerosol particles were higher, especially in the Amundsen Sea where biological productivity was much higher than the Southern Ocean. The fluorescence properties of water-soluble organic aerosols investigated using a fluorescence excitation-emission matrix coupled with parallel factor analysis (EEM-PARAFAC) revealed that protein-like components were dominant in our marine aerosol samples, representing 69 %-91 % of the total intensity. Protein-like components also showed a significant positive relationship with the relative biomass of diatoms; however, they were negatively correlated with the relative biomass of P. antarctica. These results suggest that the protein-like component is most likely produced as a result of biological processes of diatoms in the Amundsen Sea.
URI
https://repository.kopri.re.kr/handle/201206/11969
DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.5194/acp-20-5405-2020
Appears in Collections  
2020-2020, Variability of carbon pump and climate control in the Southern Ocean (20-20) / Park, Jisoo (PE20140)
2020-2020, A study on the meltwater behavior and ocean circulation in the West Antarctica using chemical tracers (20-20) / Kim, Tae-Wan (PE20160)
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