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Chemical weathering of granite in ice and its implication for weathering in polar regions

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Title
Chemical weathering of granite in ice and its implication for weathering in polar regions
Other Titles
얼음에서 일어나는 화강암의 화학적 풍화작용과 극지방 풍화작용에 대한 영향
Authors
Chung, Hyun Young
Jung, Jaewoo
Lee, Du Hyeong
Kim, Sunghan
Lee, Min Kyung
Lee, Jae Il
Yoo, Kyu-Cheul
Lee, Yong Il
Kim, Kitae
Subject
Geochemistry & Geophysics; Mineralogy; Mining & Mineral Processing
Keywords
chemical weathering; dissolution; granite; ice chemistry; polar regions
Issue Date
2020-02
Citation
Chung, Hyun Young, et al. 2020. "Chemical weathering of granite in ice and its implication for weathering in polar regions". MINERALS, 10(2): 185-195.
Abstract
Recently, it has been reported that some chemical reactions are enhanced in below-freezing conditions. Despite the high denudation typical of polar regions, chemical weathering that occurs under ice has not been investigated. In this study, we investigated the dissolution of granite in ice. The mixture of granite and deionized water (DW) or solution adjusted to pH 2 or 3 was split into two groups: the test group was frozen at -20 °C, while the control was maintained at room temperature. After 29 days of batch experiments, the filtrate was analyzed to measure the concentrations of cations and silica. The filtered powder was analyzed to investigate the mineral compositions and crystallinities of the granite before and after the experiments. Despite the low temperature, a significant quantity of cations (Na+, K+, Mg2+, Ca2+) were dissolved out, even from the ice samples. During X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis, the decreased crystallinities of granite in ice samples were identified regardless of the pH condition. To verify the observed freeze concentration effect, the concentration of granite in the ice grain boundaries was observed using optical microscopy with a cold chamber. The low concentration of silica in the ice samples could explain the silica anomaly in polar regions. This study also provides a new perspective for the dissolution mechanism in polar regions.
URI
https://repository.kopri.re.kr/handle/201206/11982
DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/min10020185
Appears in Collections  
2020-2020, Investigation of ice microstructure properties for developing low-temperature purification and environment/energy materials (20-20) / Kim, Kitae (PE20030)
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