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Trophic Dynamics of Zooplankton Before and After Polar Night in the Kongsfjorden (Svalbard): Evidence of Trophic Position Estimated by δ15N Analysis of Amino Acids

Cited 1 time in wos
Cited 2 time in scopus
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Title
Trophic Dynamics of Zooplankton Before and After Polar Night in the Kongsfjorden (Svalbard): Evidence of Trophic Position Estimated by δ15N Analysis of Amino Acids
Other Titles
콩스피오르덴 (스발바드)에서 극야 전후 동물플랑크톤의 먹이 단계 변화: 아미노산 동위원소비를 이용한 증거
Authors
Choi, Hyuntae
Ha, Sun-Yong
Lee, Seunghan
Kim, Jee-Hoon
Shin, Kyung-Hoon
Subject
Environmental Sciences & Ecology; Marine & Freshwater Biology
Keywords
trophic position; nitrogen isotope; amino acid; zooplankton; Kongsfjorden; Svalbard
Issue Date
2020-07
Citation
Choi, Hyuntae, et al. 2020. "Trophic Dynamics of Zooplankton Before and After Polar Night in the Kongsfjorden (Svalbard): Evidence of Trophic Position Estimated by δ15N Analysis of Amino Acids". FRONTIERS IN MARINE SCIENCE, 7(1): 489-498.
Abstract
In polar ecology, zooplankton diets and survival rates vary according to the seasonality of solar radiation and oceanographic conditions. Each zooplankton species has evolved feeding strategies to survive in the diet-limited conditions of the “polar night.” Many zooplankton studies have reported seasonal adaptations in feeding activity during polar night based on their trophic niches. Nitrogen isotope analysis of amino acids has provided improved accuracy in estimates of trophic position (TP) in various marine species. In this study, field work was conducted in Kongsfjorden before (October 2017) and after polar night (April 2018). As representative zooplankton, an amphipod (Themisto abyssorum), euphausids (Meganycitiphanes norvegica and Thysanoessa sp.), a chaetognath (Parasagitta elegans), and copepods (Calanus spp. and Oithona similis) were collected. trophic position values of each taxon were estimated using the nitrogen isotope ratio of glutamic acid (δ15NGlu) and phenylalanine (δ15NPhe). Results showed that TP values of P. elegans were relatively constant, averaging 3.2 in both seasons, likely due to continuous feeding activity during polar night. Trophic position values were also constant for Calanus spp., ranging 2.5-3.0 in both seasons, due to their ability to utilize stored high-energy wax. In contrast, average TP values for O. similis, an omnivorous zooplankton, were 2.9 in October and 2.3 the following April. Trophic position values for O. similis before polar night can be attributed to the relatively high availability of algae during longer periods of daylight. We found that TP variation in zooplankton before and after polar night differed according to feeding activities in diet-restricted circumstances.
URI
https://repository.kopri.re.kr/handle/201206/12051
DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fmars.2020.00489
Appears in Collections  
2019-2019, Carbon assimilation rate of sea ice ecosystem in the Kongsfjorden MIZ, Arctic (19-19) / Ha, Sun-Yong (PE19170)
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