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Ny-Alesund-oriented organic pollutants in sewage effluent and receiving seawater in the Arctic region of Kongsfjorden☆

Cited 6 time in wos
Cited 7 time in scopus
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Title
Ny-Alesund-oriented organic pollutants in sewage effluent and receiving seawater in the Arctic region of Kongsfjorden☆
Other Titles
북극 니알슨 기지촌 하수처리 방류수 및 콩스 피오르드 해수내 유기오염물질 모니터링 연구
Authors
Choi, Younghun
Kim, Kitae
Kim, Deokwon
Moon, Hyo-bang
Jeon, Junho
Subject
Environmental Sciences & Ecology
Keywords
Arctic; Ny-Alesund; LC-HRMS; Nontarget screening; Effluent
Issue Date
2020-03
Citation
Choi, Younghun, et al. 2020. "Ny-Alesund-oriented organic pollutants in sewage effluent and receiving seawater in the Arctic region of Kongsfjorden☆". ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION, 258(1): 113792-113802.
Abstract
Ny-Alesund, one of four permanent settlements on Spitsbergen in Svalbard, is a research town that includes scientific institutes from many countries. Because of daily-used chemicals (e.g., pharmaceutical and personal care products (PPCPs)) used by residents in the area, generated sewage is considered as a point source in the Kongsfjorden. The aim of the present study was to identify and quantify organic pollutants in the effluent and along the shoreline and offshore via target, suspect, and non-target screening using liquid chromatographyhigh-resolution mass spectrometry. We tentatively identified 30 compounds using the suspect and non-target screening methods in effluent samples from our first visit to the settlement in 2016. Among these, 3 were false positive, 24 were confirmed, and the 3 remaining compounds were not confirmed because of a lack of reference standards. Of the confirmed, 21 were quantifiable and considered target compounds for the 2nd year study. The quantified compounds in the effluent samples in 2017 totaled 17, including PPCPs, pesticides, perfluorinated compounds, and their metabolites. Some of the compounds, such as caffeine, paraxanthine/theophylline, acetaminophen, cetirizine, diethyl toluamide (DEET), and icaridin, were also detected in the receiving seawater. The concentration range was from 4280,000 ng/L in the effluent and 298 ng/L in the seawater. Other 24 compounds were tentatively identified in the second-year effluent samples. Five were further confirmed using reference standards. Risk assessment was performed on the 47 substances screened in Ny-Alesund using the exposure and toxicity index. Based on the risk assessment, the top seven substances of concern present were perfluorooctanesulfonic acid (PFOS), triphenyl phosphate (TPFP), irbesartan, DEET, acetaminophen, caffeine, and paraxanthine/theophylline. As the effluent was identified as a source of the concerned organic pollutants, an emission reduction strategy should take place for protection of Arctic Fjorden environment.
URI
https://repository.kopri.re.kr/handle/201206/12089
DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2019.113792
Appears in Collections  
2019-2019, Investigation of ice chemistry for understanding of environmental processes in polar region and its applications (19-19) / Kim, Kitae (PE19200)
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