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Research on the Arctic Bird Monitoring Deploying Unmanned Aerial Vehicle

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Title
Research on the Arctic Bird Monitoring Deploying Unmanned Aerial Vehicle
Other Titles
소형 무인항공기를 활용한 북극 조류 모니터링 방법에 관한 연구
Authors
Park, Mijin
Lee, Won Young
Issue Date
2019
Citation
Park, Mijin, Lee, Won Young. 2019. Research on the Arctic Bird Monitoring Deploying Unmanned Aerial Vehicle. 2019 The Korean Society of Ecologycal Environmental Science Conference. Seoul National University. 2019.02.20~2019.02.21.
Abstract
The purpose of this research is to apply the method of using unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) to monitor the Arctic birds. The utilization of small UAVs, also known as drones, has recently become a key way of performing ecological monitoring, because they are suitable for obtaining large scale images safely. Accordingly, in this research, we utilized a quadricopter (Phantom 4 advanced, DJI co.) equipped with a visible light (Red, Green and Blue; RGB) camera (Phantom 4 camera, 1-inch 20MP sensor) and an external thermal camera (FLIR Vue Pro R, 13mm lens) in order to observe arctic birds inhabiting difficult to observe areas. On 16th and 18th of July 2018, the RGB and thermal shots were taken in Sirius Passet (82°47.6’N 42°13.7’W) in Northeast Greenland National Park, and the targets were incubating common ringed plover (Charadrius hiaticula) and a flock of moulting pink-footed geese (Anser brachyrhynchus) located on the sea. In thermal images, common ringed plover showed high surface temperature, 8.4°C higher than the background temperature, and it enabled us to detect the camouflaged nest of common ringed plover. Similarly, cold sea water and the surface temperature of pink-footed geese were well contrasted, showing 5°C difference, therefore it was possible to grasp the exact number of birds. Also, on 4th of August 2018, the nests of black-legged kittiwake (Rissa tridactyla), black guillemot (Cepphus grylle) and Atlantic puffin (Fratercula arctica) were filmed at the cliffs (Steinflastupet; 78°57.5’N 11°36.4’E) near Ny-Alesund, Svalbard. It was possible to accurately observe these bird communities with small UAVs, even at the cliffs which were difficult to approach. Like this, monitoring method of deploying small UAV is serviceable in reducing human bias and repetitive operations, hence we expect more research on the arctic bird with UAVs in the future.
URI
https://repository.kopri.re.kr/handle/201206/12335
Conference Name
2019 The Korean Society of Ecologycal Environmental Science Conference
Conference Place
Seoul National University
Conference Date
2019.02.20~2019.02.21
Appears in Collections  
2019-2019, Basic research for behavioral ecology in Sirius Passet, North Greenland (19-19) / Lee, Won Young (PE19370)
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