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Modest Emission of The CH4 from the Western Arctic Ocean

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Modest Emission of The CH4 from the Western Arctic Ocean
Other Titles
서북극해로부터 너무나 평범한 메탄 방출
Rhee, Tae Siek
Kwon, Young Shin
Kim, Mi Seon
Dallimore, Scott R.
Paull, Charles K.
Jin, Young Keun
Issue Date
Rhee, Tae Siek, et al. 2019. Modest Emission of The CH4 from the Western Arctic Ocean. The 25th International Symposium on Polar Sciences. KOPRI. 2019.05.14~2019.05.15.
Korea Polar Research Institute (KOPRI) is interested to study environmental conditions in the Arctic and, in particular, to understand the potential release of the key greenhouse gas, methane (CH4), from the sea bed, to the water column and potentially to the atmosphere. We have measured CH4 concentrations in the surface ocean and its overlying air to estimate the emissions from the western arctic seas including the Chukchi Sea, the Beaufort Sea, and the East Siberian Sea. A series of campaigns have been conducted on the KOPRI icebreaker R/V Araon in the summer season during 2013 2018. We divided the Arctic Ocean into the outer continental shelf of the East Siberian Sea, the Chukchi Sea, and the Beaufort Sea and the deep basin of the Arctic Ocean. The surface ocean was found to be supersaturated nearly everywhere with respect to the CH4 in the overlying air. Nonetheless, we have insufficient regional coverage to assess the trend of saturation anomaly in each sea. Of interest, however, the values in 2016 were found to be larger in every sea. Flux densities of outgassing CH4 were 0.1 mg m2 d-1 in the East Siberian Sea, 0.04 mg m2 d-1 for the Chukchi Sea, 0.02 mg m2 d-1 for the Beaufort Sea, and 0.04 mg m2 d-1 for the deep basin of the Arctic Ocean. These values are modestly larger than the global mean value of the continental shelf except for the Beaufort Sea where the CH4 emission is significantly lower. Our estimate of CH4 emission in the East Siberian Sea abides by the previous observations, but its magnitude is far lower due likely to the distance from the hot spot area. Our intent in the future is to extend our studies to consider methane flux in the shallow nearshore environments where permafrost is possibly rapidly degrading in response to ongoing marine transgression.
Conference Name
The 25th International Symposium on Polar Sciences
Conference Place
Conference Date
Appears in Collections  
2019-2020, Investigation of submarine resource environment and seabed methane release in the Arctic (19-20) / Jin, Young Keun (PM19050)
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