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Dynamical mechanisms of the poleward intensification of the southern hemispheric westerlies during the Last Glacial Maximum

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Title
Dynamical mechanisms of the poleward intensification of the southern hemispheric westerlies during the Last Glacial Maximum
Other Titles
마지막최대빙하기 시기 남반구 서풍의 극향 이동의 역학적 메커니즘
Authors
Jun, Sang-Yoon
Kim, Hyeong-Gyu
Kim, Joowan
Kim, Seong-Joong
Keywords
Last Glacial Maximum; Southern Westerly
Issue Date
2019
Citation
Joowan, Sang-Yoon, et al. 2019. Dynamical mechanisms of the poleward intensification of the southern hemispheric westerlies during the Last Glacial Maximum. ISAES 2019. Songdo. 2019.07.22~2019.07.26.
Abstract
Structures of the southern hemispheric westerly during the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM) are examined using a general circulation model (GCM). The GCM simulation with the standard LGM forcings reproduces the tropospheric cooling and stratospheric warming reasonably. Partic-ularly, an enhanced cooling over Antarctica and the poleward intensification of the southern hemispheric westerlies are clearly observed in the LGM simulation compared to the preindustrial run, which are also reported in many Paleoclimate Modelling Intercomparison Project (PMIP) simulations. The poleward intensification of the tropospheric westerlies is well explained by an enhanced meridional temperature gradient due to the Antarctic amplification of cooling com-pared to the mid-latitude regions. The same but a stronger intensification of the westerlies are found in the stratosphere, which is largely driven by combined impacts from the tropospheric and stratospheric cooling over the Antarctic region. This Antarctic cooling in the stratosphere is well coupled with weakened poleward heat flux and slowdown of the stratospheric overturning circu-lation. However, this stratospheric cooling is only observed in prescribed-SST (atmosphere-only) simulation, while tropospheric cooling is robustly simulated in both atmosphere-only and ocean coupled simulations.
URI
https://repository.kopri.re.kr/handle/201206/12639
Conference Name
ISAES 2019
Conference Place
Songdo
Conference Date
2019.07.22~2019.07.26
Appears in Collections  
2019-2019, Investigation for the cause of east-west different climate responses in Antarctica (19-19) / Kim, Seong-Joong (PE19010)
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