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Organic carbon transfer across the river-sea interface: a case study of theGeum and Seomjin estuary systems, South Korea

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Title
Organic carbon transfer across the river-sea interface: a case study of theGeum and Seomjin estuary systems, South Korea
Other Titles
강-해양 인터페이스에서의 유기탄소 거동: 금강 및 섬진강에서의 비교 연구
Authors
Kang, Sujin
Kim, Jung-Hyun
Kim, Daun
Song, Hyeongseok
Ryu, Jong-Sik
Shin, Kyung-Hoon
Keywords
Geum estuaryOrganic carbonSeomjin estuaryriver-sea interface
Issue Date
2019
Citation
Sujin Kang, et al. 2019. Organic carbon transfer across the river-sea interface: a case study of theGeum and Seomjin estuary systems, South Korea. The EGU General Assembly 2019. Vienna. 2019.04.07~2019.04.12.
Abstract
The Geum River flowing into the Yellow Sea has a dam at the river mouth while the Seomjin River flowing into the South Sea of Korea has an open estuary. In this study, we investigated spatial variations in organic carbon (OC) concentration and its carbon isotope to understand estuary damming impact on the transport of riverine OC. The river and seawater samples were collected in two contrasting Korean estuary systems (Geum and Seomjin) across the river-sea interfaces with a salinity gradient in August 2016. The DOC concentrations in the Geum estuary were 2.0-3.8 mg/L, while the POC concentrations were in the range of 0.2-12.7 mg/L. In the Seomjin estuary, the DOC and POC concentrations were 1.9-2.4 mg/L and 0.8-1.0 mg/L, respectively. An abrupt decrease in the OC concentration occurred after the dam in the Geum estuary. In the Geum estuary, the δ13CPOC values were -21.1±2.5 ‰ before the dam and -22.4±1.5 ‰ after the dam, while the δ13CPOC values were -29.1 to -21.1 ‰ in the Seomjin estuary. We observed a heavy algal bloom before the dam during the sampling in the Geum River, which resulted in higher δ13CPOC values than in other sampling sites. The Δ14CPOC values in the Geum estuary were -51.1 ‰ before the dam and -98.2 ‰ after the dam. In the Seomjin estuary, the Δ14CPOC values were much lower with the value of -186.7±2.2 ‰. We calculated the contribution of biogenic OC in the closed Geum estuary system using the carbon isotope data, indicating 95% of the biogenic OC contribution. The calculated δ13CPOC of the biogenic POC end-member was -19.2 ‰, indicating that biogenic POC was mainly derived from the phytoplankton in this system. Accordingly, our results showed that the two contrasting estuary systems are differently functioning due to an algal bloom occurred in the closed Geum estuary system, influencing OC concentrations and characteristics transferred from land to sea.
URI
https://repository.kopri.re.kr/handle/201206/12651
Conference Name
The EGU General Assembly 2019
Conference Place
Vienna
Conference Date
2019.04.07~2019.04.12
Type
Proceeding
Indexed
Pro(초록)국외
Appears in Collections  
2019-2019, Organic carbon transfer across the river-sea interface: a case study in Geum and Sumjin river systems (19-19) / Kim, Junghyun (PN19100)
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