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Organic carbon transfer across the river-sea interfaces in two contrasting Geum and Sumjin river systems in South Korea

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Title
Organic carbon transfer across the river-sea interfaces in two contrasting Geum and Sumjin river systems in South Korea
Other Titles
금강 및 섬진강의 강-해양 인터페이스 지역에서의 유기 탄소 거동 연구
Authors
Kang, Sujin
Kim, Jung-Hyun
Kim, Daun
Song, Hyeongseok
Ryu, Jong-Sik
Shin, Kyung-Hoon
Keywords
Geum RriverOrganic carbon transferSumjin Riverriver-sea interfaces
Issue Date
2018
Citation
Sujin Kang, et al. 2018. Organic carbon transfer across the river-sea interfaces in two contrasting Geum and Sumjin river systems in South Korea. The 4th Korea-China Symposium on Environmental Health and Ecological Safety. Seoul National University. 2018.07.19~2018.07.19.
Abstract
In this study, the surface water samples were collected across the river-sea interfaces along a salinity gradient in August and December 2016 in order to investigate spatiotemporal variations in organic carbon (OC) content and isotope in two contrasting Korean river systems (Geum and Sumjin). The Geum River flows into the Yellow Sea which has a dam at the river mouth while the Sumjin River flowing into the South Sea of Korea has an open estuary. The riverine total organic carbon (TOC, dissolved OC (DOC) and particulate OC (POC)) fluxes were much larger (4236.9 and 963.1 g/s in August and December, respectively) in the Geum River than those (51.5 and 38.5 g/s in August and December, respectively) in the Sumjin River. The DOC concentrations in the Geum River were 2.0-3.8 mg/l for August and 1.3-5.3 mg/l for December, while the POC concentrations were in the rage of 0.2-12.7 mg/l and 0.3-2.6 mg/l for August and December, respectively. In the Sumjin River, the DOC and POC concentrations were 1.9-2.4 mg/l and 0.8-1.0 mg/l for August and 1.1-1.5 mg/l and 0.3-0.5 for December, respectively. The DOC and POC concentrations showed decreasing trends from river to sea in the Geum River, especially in August but such trends were not observed in the Sumjin River. The proportion of POC relative to TOC in the Geum River was up to 77 % in August which was larger than that (26±13 %) in December. The Sumjin River had similar proportions of POC relative to TOC in August (24±6 %) and December (29±4 %). In the Geum River, the δ13CPOC values were -21.1±2.5 ‰ before the dam and -22.4±1.5 ‰ after the dam in August, while they were -30.61±2.7 ‰ before the dam and -27.17±2.4 ‰ after the dam in December. During the sampling in August, we observed a green algae bloom before the dam in the Geum River, which caused lower δ13CPOC values. In the Sumjin River, the δ13CPOC values were -29.1 to -21.1 ‰ in August and -29.0 to -26.6 ‰ in December, showing an increasing trend from river to sea. The D14CPOC values were -51.1 ‰ before the dam and -98.2 ‰ after the dam in August and -87.0 ‰ before the dam and -221.8 ‰ after the dam in the Geum River. In the Sumjin River, the D14CPOC values were much lower with -186.7±2.2 ‰ in August and -214.2±38 ‰ in December. In summary, our results show that the two contrasting Geum and Sumjin river systems are differently functioning due to an algal bloom occurred in a closed estuary system, influencing OC concentrations and characteristics transferred from land to sea.
URI
https://repository.kopri.re.kr/handle/201206/12656
Conference Name
The 4th Korea-China Symposium on Environmental Health and Ecological Safety
Conference Place
Seoul National University
Conference Date
2018.07.19~2018.07.19
Type
Proceeding
Indexed
세미나-학술발표
Appears in Collections  
2018-2019, Organic carbon transfer across the river-sea interface: a case study in Geum and Sumjin river systems (18-19) / Kim, Junghyun (PN18100)
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