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Bioturbation supplying young carbon into West Antarctic continental margin sediment

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Bioturbation supplying young carbon into West Antarctic continental margin sediment
Other Titles
서남극 대륙 주변부 퇴적물내의 생교란에 의한 새로운 탄소 유입
Kim, Sunghan
Robert M. McKay
Lee, Jae Il
Yoo, Kyu-Cheul
Lee, Min Kyung
Moon, Heung Soo
Issue Date
Kim, Sunghan, et al. 2022. "Bioturbation supplying young carbon into West Antarctic continental margin sediment". PALAEOGEOGRAPHY PALAEOCLIMATOLOGY PALAEOECOLOGY, 602(1): 1-10.
Accelerator Mass Spectrometry (AMS) 14C dating is a widely applied method for establishing high-precision chronologies used to underpin late Quaternary paleoclimatic studies. Feedbacks associated with Antarctic Ice Sheets (AIS) and Southern Ocean variance are thought to have played a critical role in regulating past global climate changes since the Last Glacial Maximum. However, determining the exact role of the AIS and Southern Ocean in these changes has proven difficult because of the sparse occurrence of biogenic carbonate suitable for AMS 14C dating in Antarctica. Consequently, AMS 14C dating is often measured on acid insoluble organic matter(AIOM) from bulk sediment samples, which are often biased towards ages that are older than the depositional age, due to pervasive reworking of old carbon. In this scenario, ages can still potentially provide maximum deposition ages, but such interpretations need to be assessed carefully. Here, we document AIOM and foraminifer AMS 14C dates at the same depth intervals from Antarctic continental margin cores, and we find AIOM AMS 14C dates can range between 2000 and 16,000 years younger than those of foraminifera samples. The younger AIOM 14C dates were found in bioturbated sedimentary facies, which often have extremely low sedimentation rates in Antarctica. In cores with low sedimentation rates, the down sediment contribution of organic carbon from macrobenthos can be quite significant in the sediment column with low organic carbon concentration. After considering possibilities of contamination, foraminifer reworking, and remineralization of secondary carbonate to explain this offset, we conclude that bioturbation plays an important role in the Antarctic carbon cycle as a young carbon supplier to depth into the sediment column. This has clear implications for using condensed sedimentary sections to date post-LGM records in Antarctica. These bioturbation processes also have implications for novel radiocarbon dating methods that have recently been developed to overcome sediment reworking processes and more accurately constrain timing of past AIS retreat, including ramped pyrolysis and compound specific isotopes methods.
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2022-2022, Ice sheet retreat and ocean circulation in West Antarctica during the past warm periods (22-22) / Yoo, Kyu-Cheul (PE22090)
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