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Diversity and biogeography of symbiotic microalgae of the lichen genus Psoroma

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Diversity and biogeography of symbiotic microalgae of the lichen genus Psoroma
Park, Chae Haeng
Kim, Eun Hye
Noh, Hyun-Ju
Elvebakk, Arve
Hong, Soon Gyu
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Park, Chae Haeng, et al. 2016. Diversity and biogeography of symbiotic microalgae of the lichen genus Psoroma. The 8th International Association for Lichenology,. University of Helsinki. 2016.08.01-05.
The specific relationship between a mycobiont and a photobiont in lichens has been challenged recently. One species of mycobiont can make symbiotic partnerships with various photobiont species when they grow in geographically distant locations. In some cases, several different algal genotypes were observed in a single thallus with NGS technology. In these cases, the microalgal community was usually composed of one major species and several minor species. To investigate the genetic diversity and geographical distribution of major and minor microalgal species in the lichen genus Psoroma, LSU rRNA gene sequences, which were obtained with NGS sequencing, were analyzed for samples from Australia, Chile, King George Island, Falkland Islands, and Norway. The results revealed that lots of thalli contained diverse microalgal OTUs as the previous studies. Most Psoroma mycobionts showed preference for Trebouxia arboricola lineages as a major and minor microalgal partners. Some mycobiont phylogenetic lineages formed symbiotic relationship with specific microalgal OTU as a major partner unlike the other mycobiont lineages. Lichens from Norway had simpler microalgal communities than those from other geographical areas. Although some microalgal OTUs were detected from several geographical regions including Southern and Northern hemisphere, most microalgal OTUs were recovered from specific geographical regions and climates.
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The 8th International Association for Lichenology,
Conference Place
University of Helsinki
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