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Depositional facies, architecture and environments of the Sihwa Formation

Cited 31 time in wos
Cited 30 time in scopus
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Depositional facies, architecture and environments of the Sihwa Formation
Other Titles
한국 중서부 시화층의 퇴적상, 구조 및 환경
Kim, S. B.
Kim, Y. -G.
Jo, H. R.
Jeong, K. S.
Chough, S. K.
Geology; Paleontology
Sihwa Formation; alluvial; architecture; dinosaur egg; facies
Issue Date
Kim, S. B., et al. 2009. "Depositional facies, architecture and environments of the Sihwa Formation". Cretaceous Research, 30(1): 100-126.
This paper presents detailed facies and architectural analyses and palaeoenvironmental reconstruction of the Sihwa Formation (Lower Cretaceous), mid-west Korea, which comprises an about 3-km-thick non-marine succession containing abundant dinosaur eggshells. Based on constituent facies, bedset geometry, stacking pattern, and bounding surface characteristics, the entire succession can be classified into three architectural elements. Element I occurs along the basin margin and shows a monotonous stacking of tabular or crudely stratified conglomeratic units. It represents alluvial-fan deposits of debrisflow- dominated fan and sheetflood-dominated fan. Element II is characterized by multi-storey, sheet or upward-widening, conglomeratic channel-fills whose maximum thickness exceeds 1.5 m. Each channelfill unit is encased within red?brown silty sandstones of Element III with sharp erosional bases but diffuse gradational upper boundaries. It consists generally of (1) cut-and-fill deposit (trough crossstratified or openwork conglomerate) in the lower part and (2) composite low-relief bar deposit (lenticular conglomerate and stratified gravelly sandstone) in the upper part. Shallowness of each cutand- fill unit, absence of fining-upward lateral accretion package and the predominance of simple-bar deposit collectively suggest deposition from ephemeral braided streams. Element III typically shows a fining-upward stacking of (1) single- or multi-storey small-scale (
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