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Ground-based Observations for the Upper Atmosphere at King Sejong Station, Antarctica

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Ground-based Observations for the Upper Atmosphere at King Sejong Station, Antarctica
Other Titles
남극 세종과학기지에서의 고층대기 관측연구
Jee, Geonhwa
Kim, Yong Ha
Lee, Changsup
Kim, Jeong-Han
Science & Technology - Other Topics
고층대기; 남극 세종과학기지
Issue Date
Jee, Geonhwa, et al. 2014. "Ground-based Observations for the Upper Atmosphere at King Sejong Station, Antarctica". Journal of Astronomy and Space Sciences, 31: 169-176.
Since the operation of the King Sejong Station (KSS) started in Antarctic Peninsula in 1989, there have been continuous efforts to perform the observation for the upper atmosphere. The observations during the initial period of the station include Fabry-Perot Interferometer (FPI) and Michelson Interferometer for the mesosphere and thermosphere, which are no longer in operation. In 2002, in collaboration with York University, Canada, the Spectral Airglow Temperature Imager (SATI) was installed to observe the temperature in the mesosphere and lower thermosphere (MLT) region and it has still been producing the mesopause temperature data until present. The observation was extended by installing the meteor radar in 2007 to observe the neutral winds and temperature in the MLT region during the day and night in collaboration with Chungnam National University. We also installed the all sky camera in 2008 to observe the wave structures in the MLT region. All these observations are utilized to study on the physical characteristics of the MLT region and also on the wave phenomena such as the tide and gravity wave in the upper atmosphere over KSS that is well known for the strong gravity wave activity. In this article, brief introductions for the currently operating instruments at KSS will be presented with their applications for the study of the upper atmosphere.
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