Triassic Kykloxylon wood (Umkomasiaceae, Gymnospermopsida) from Skinner Ridge, northern Victoria Land, East Antarctica
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- Triassic Kykloxylon wood (Umkomasiaceae, Gymnospermopsida) from Skinner Ridge, northern Victoria Land, East Antarctica
- Other Titles
- 동남극 북빅토리아랜드 스키너릿지에서 산출된 삼첩기 Kykloxyon 목재화석
- Oh, Changhwan
Lee, Jong Ik
Kim, Young-Hwan G.
Park, Tae-Yoon S.
- Plant Sciences; Paleontology
- Antarctica; Fossil wood; Kykloxylon; Skinner Ridge; Triassic; Umkomasiaceae
- Issue Date
- Oh, Changhwan, et al. 2016. "Triassic Kykloxylon wood (Umkomasiaceae, Gymnospermopsida) from Skinner Ridge, northern Victoria Land, East Antarctica". REVIEW OF PALAEOBOTANY AND PALYNOLOGY, 233(1): 104-114.
- During the first Korea Antarctic Geological Expedition (KAGEX I, 2013/2014), fossilwoodwas collected fromthe Triassic fluvial deposits of the Beacon Supergroup at Skinner Ridge in northern Victoria Land, Antarctica. The material is coalified and partially silicified;most specimens are slightly compressed due to burial compaction. In spite of this imperfect preservation, anatomical features of both the xylem and the pith could be observed in some specimens. The xylem displays prominent growth rings and usually araucarioid or somewhat mixedtype radial pitting with some abnormal rings partly composed of parenchymatous tissues. Some specimens also have a wood cylinder that is divided radially by parenchymatous zones. These anatomical features indicate a systematic affinity with Kykloxylon Mey.-Berth., T.N.Taylor et Ed.L.Taylor, a characteristic wood type of the Umkomaciaceae, which flourished throughout Gondwana during the Triassic. The Kykloxylon specimens in this study represent the only wood fossil taxon in the Triassic of Victoria Land, except for a dubious report of Antarcticoxylon Seward in 1914. This may indicate a low diversity of Triassic wood fossils in this area, as in other parts of Antarctica. On the contrary, diverse other gymnosperm organs are known to occur in the Triassic of Antarctica. This low diversity of wood taxa compared to the various plant organs in the Triassic of Antarctica is remarkable. We hypothesize three major reasons for this: 1) the overall structural uniformity of gymnosperm wood compared to other vegetative and especially reproductive organ diversity;2) the overwhelming dominance of corystospermplants, with a minor component of voltzialean conifers in the canopy-forming forest vegetation during the Triassic in Antarctica;and 3) the very few systematic studies of fossil wood compared to other plant macrofossils.
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