Size-resolved cloud condensation nuclei concentration measurements in the Arctic: two case studies from the summer of 2008
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- Size-resolved cloud condensation nuclei concentration measurements in the Arctic: two case studies from the summer of 2008
- Other Titles
- 2008년 북극에서 관측한 입자크기별 CCN의 특성
Yoon, Young Jun
- Meteorology & Atmospheric Sciences
- Arctic; CCN; climate
- Issue Date
- Zabori, et al. 2015. "Size-resolved cloud condensation nuclei concentration measurements in the Arctic: two case studies from the summer of 2008". ATMOSPHERIC CHEMISTRY AND PHYSICS, 15(1): 13803-13817.
- The Arctic is one of the most vulnerable regions affected by climate change. Extensive measurement data are needed to understand the atmospheric processes governing this vulnerability. Among these, data describing cloud formation potential are of particular interest, since the indirect effect of aerosols on the climate system is still poorly understood. In this paper we present, for the first time, size-resolved cloud condensation nuclei (CCN) data obtained in the Arctic. The measurements were conducted during two periods in the summer of 2008: one in June, and one in August, at the Zeppelin research station (78°54’N, 11°53’E) in Svalbard. Trajectory analysis indicates that during the measurement period in June 2008, air masses predominantly originated from the Arctic, whereas the measurements from August 2008 were influenced mid-latitude air masses. CCN supersaturation (SS) spectra obtained on the 27th June, before size-resolved measurements were begun, and spectra from the 21st and 24th August, conducted before and after the measurement period, revealed similarities between the two months. From the ratio between CCN concentration and the total particle number concentration (CN) as a function of dry particle diameter (Dp) at a SS of 0.4%, the activation diameter (D50), corresponding to CCN/CN = 0.50, was estimated. D50 was found to be 60 and 67 nm for the examined periods in June and August 2008, respectively. Corresponding D50 hygroscopicity parameter (κ) values were estimated to be 0.4 and 0.3 for June and August 2008, respectively. These values can be compared to hygroscopicity values estimated from bulk chemical composition, where κ was calculated to be 0.5 for both June and August 2008. While the agreement between the two months is reasonable, the difference in κ between the different methods indicates a size-dependence in the particle composition, which is likely explained by a higher fraction of inorganics in the bulk aerosol samples.
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