Elemental composition of Arctic soils and aerosols in Ny-Alesund measured using laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy
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- Elemental composition of Arctic soils and aerosols in Ny-Alesund measured using laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy
- Other Titles
- 북극 니알슨에서 LIBS를 이용한 토양과 대기중 입자의 성분분석
- Kim, Gibaek
Yoon, Young Jun
- LIBS; 대기 입자; 북극 토양; Spectroscopy
- Issue Date
- Kim, Gibaek, et al. 2017. "Elemental composition of Arctic soils and aerosols in Ny-Alesund measured using laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy". SPECTROCHIMICA ACTA PART B-ATOMIC SPECTROSCOPY, 134(1): 17-24.
- Two laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) systems (soil LIBS and aerosol LIBS) were used to determine the elemental composition of soils and ambient aerosols less than 2.5 um in Ny-Alesund, Svalbard (the world’s most northerly human settlement). For soil LIBS measurements, matrix effects such as moisture content, soil grain size, and surrounding gas on the LIBS response were minimized. When Ar gas was supplied onto the soil sample surfaces, a significant enhancement in LIBS emission lines was observed. Arctic soil samples were collected at 10 locations, and various elements (Al, Ba, C, Ca, Cu, Fe, H, K, Mg, Mn, N, Na, O, Pb, and Si) were detected in soils. The elemental distribution in arctic soils was clearly distinguishable from those in urban and abandoned mining soils in Korea. Moreover, the concentrations of most of anthropogenic metals were fairly low, and localized sources in extremely close proximity affected the elevated level of Cu in the soil samples derived from Ny-Alesund. The number of elements detected in aerosols (C, Ca, H, K, Mg, Na, and O) was lower than those determined in soils. The elements in aerosols can mainly originate from minerals and sea salts. The elemental distribution in aerosols was also clearly distinguishable from that in soils, suggesting that the resuspension of local soil particles by wind erosion into aerosols was minimal. The daily variation of particle number concentration (RSD = 71%) and the elements in aerosols (RSD = 25%) varied substantially, possibly due to fluctuating air masses and meteorological conditions.
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