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Review of the Role of Land Surface in Global Climate Change

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Review of the Role of Land Surface in Global Climate Change
Other Titles
기후변화에서 지표환경의 역할에 대한 고찰
Kim, Seong-Joong
Biogechemistry; Biophysics; Climate Change; Climate Modelling; Land Surface
Issue Date
Kim, Seong-Joong. 2009. "Review of the Role of Land Surface in Global Climate Change". The Korean Journal of Quaternary Research, 23(1): 42-53.
In response to the abrupt climate change in recent years, atmosphere, ocean and cryosphere are reported to be altered. In addition to these changes, the land surface is also gradually changing and its impact on the global climate may not be negligible. The land surface change impacts the global climate via two ways, the biogeochemical and biophysical feedbacks. The biogeochemcial change in the land surface modifies the atmospheric trace-gas concentrations through a change in photo synthesis, while biophycal changes of the land surface alters the surface albedo, which influences the amount of the short wave radiative heat fluxes. There are many examples in the past that the change in land surface greatly influences the global climate change. The recent IPCC report has suggested that the climate change will occur rather abrubtly in the near future. In order to predict the future climate accurately, the impact of the land surface change is fully considered.
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