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A case study on occurrence of an unusual structure in the sodium layer over Gadanki, India

Cited 4 time in wos
Cited 6 time in scopus
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A case study on occurrence of an unusual structure in the sodium layer over Gadanki, India
Other Titles
인도 Gadanki지역에서 발생한 고층대기 Sodium 층의 특이 구조에 대한 연구
Qian Wu
Kim, Jeong-Han
Jee, Geonhwa
Sumanta Sarkhel
James M Russell III
Sundararajan Sridharan
Geetha Ramkumar
Robert B Kerr
Amitava Guharay
Dibyendu Chakrabarty
Ramanathan Sekar
Shikha Raizada
John D. Mathews
Martin G Mlynczak
Lidar observation; Sodium layer; 고층대기
Issue Date
Qian Wu, et al. 2015. "A case study on occurrence of an unusual structure in the sodium layer over Gadanki, India". EARTH PLANETS AND SPACE, 67(19): 1-15.
The height-time-concentration map of neutral sodium (Na) atoms measured by a Na lidar during the night of 18 to 19 March 2007 over Gadanki, India (13.5°N, 79.2°E) reveals an unusual structure in the Na layer for around 30 min in the altitude range of 92 to 98 km which is similar to the usual ‘C’ type structures observed at other locations. In order to understand the physical mechanism behind the generation of this unusual event, an investigation is carried out combining the data from multiple instruments that include the meteor wind radar over Thiruvananthapuram, India (8.5°N, 77°E) and the SABER instrument onboard the TIMED satellite. The temperature and wind profiles from the data set provided by these instruments allow us to infer the Richardson number which is found to be noticeably less than the canonical threshold of 0.25 above 92 km over Thiruvananthapuram suggesting the plausible generation of Kelvin-Helmholtz (KH) billows over southwestern part of the Indian subcontinent. Based on the average wind speed and direction over Thiruvananthapuram, it is proposed that the KH-billow structure was modified due to the background wind and was advected with it in nearly ‘frozen-in’ condition (without significant decay) in the northeastward direction reaching the Na lidar location (Gadanki). This case study, therefore, presents a scenario wherein the initially deformed KH-billow structure survived for a few hours (instead of a few minutes or tens of minutes as reported in earlier works) in an apparently ‘frozen-in’ condition under favorable background conditions. In this communication, we suggest a hypothesis where this deformed KH-billow structure plays crucial role in creating the abovementioned unusual structure observed in the Na layer over Gadanki.
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