Sr, Nd, Pb and Hf isotopic compositions of Late Cenozoic alkali basalts in South Korea
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- Sr, Nd, Pb and Hf isotopic compositions of Late Cenozoic alkali basalts in South Korea
- Other Titles
- 남한의 신생대 후기 화산암의 Sr, Nd, Pb 및 Hf 방사성동위원소 조성
- Choi, Sung Hi
- East Asia; Korean basalt; Sr; Nd; Pb and Hf isotope; asthenospheric mantle; mixing zone
- Issue Date
- Choi, Sung Hi, et al. 2008. Sr, Nd, Pb and Hf isotopic compositions of Late Cenozoic alkali basalts in South Korea. IAGR. IAGR. 2008.11.01~.
- We have determined the Sr, Nd, Pb and Hf isotopic compositions of 13 samples from six late Cenozoic centers of basaltic volcanism in South Korea, including Baengnyeong Island, Jogokni, Ganseong, Jeju Island, Ulleung Island and Dok Island, in order to understand the nature of the mantle source and melt-generating processes. The basalts have OIB-like trace element abundance patterns, and also contain mantle-derived xenoliths of primarily spinel peridotite. Combining our new isotopic data with previously published data from areas with late Cenozoic basalts throughout East Asia shows that the mantle source has a DMM
EM1 array for northeast China and a DMM
EM2 array for Southeast Asia.
The Korean Peninsula basalts we have studied are geographically located between these two broad domains, and interestingly, define an array between DMM and an intermediate end member between EM1 and EM2 on various isotopic correlation diagrams. Variations along the array on isotopic correlation diagrams are systematic regionally, with EM2 signatures predominant on Jeju Island and EM1 becoming increasingly more important toward Ulleung and Dok Islands, the Ganseong area, and Baengnyeong Island. This is without any corresponding changes in the basement and the lithospheric mantle beneath the region. These observations suggest that the Korean Peninsula late Cenozoic basalts we have studied and other East Asia late Cenozoic intraplate volcanism are sourced in the asthenospheric mantle. This mantle is characterized by two distinct, large-scale domains –
one a mixture of DMM and EM1 components, and the other a mixture of DMM and EM2.
Previous studies on East Asian Cenozoic volcanic rocks have advocated origins by either plume activity or decompressional melting of the mantle lithosphere in a rift environment. On the basis of our new trace element and isotopic compositions, which have OIB-like characteristics, we rule out an origin in the mantle lithosphere. Furthermore, be
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