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A coupled model similation of ocean thermohaline circulation for the last glacial maximum

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A coupled model similation of ocean thermohaline circulation for the last glacial maximum
Other Titles
마지막최대빙하기의 해양 열염분순환 시뮬레이션 연구
Kim, Seong-Joong
Antarctic Bottom Water; Climate Change; North Atlantic Deep Water; North Pacific Intermediate Wat; thermohaline circulation
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Kim, Seong-Joong. 2009. A coupled model similation of ocean thermohaline circulation for the last glacial maximum. 한국해양연구원. 한국해양연구원. 2009.06.15~.
The ocean thermohaline circulation for the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM) is investigated using a coupled ocean-atmosphere-sea ice climate model. Many lines of plaeoclimate proxy evidence have shown that the ocean thermohaline circulation originated in the northern North Atlantic was substantially weaker in the LGM than the present, while it was stronger in the North Pacific. These changes in the ocean thermohaline circulation are well reproduced in the coupled model simulation. The imposition of LGM boundary conditions leads to deep ocean heat loss to the atmosphere at high latitude convection regions through an active vertical mixing and associated turbulent heat fluxes and deepwater temperature approaches to the freezing point. The LGM conditions also modify the fresh water distribution at the ocean surface and cause a marked change in the ocean convection and thermohaline circulation. In the North Atlantic, the ocean becomes substantially fresher due to an increase in fresh water supply and local hydrological budget change. The freshening of northern North Atlantic leads to the marked reduction in North Atlantic Deep Water formation to less than half of the control value and the North Atlantic outflow is limited to shallower depths. On the other hand, in the Southern Ocean climate becomes drier and the surface water is saltier than present. This leads to the stronger convection and Southern Ocean thermohaline circulation. The change in thermohaline circulation modifies the water mass characteristics. In the LGM, the saltiest water mass in the Southern Ocean rather than in the North Atlantic, in consistent with proxy evidence.
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