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A numerical simulation of strong wind event at King Sejong Station, Antarctica

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A numerical simulation of strong wind event at King Sejong Station, Antarctica
Other Titles
남극 세종기지의 강풍사례 모의
Kwon, Hataek
Kim, Baek-Min
Kim, Seong-Joong
Choi, Taejin
Park, Sangjong
Lee, Solji
Issue Date
Kwon, Hataek, et al. 2017. A numerical simulation of strong wind event at King Sejong Station, Antarctica. WCRP/SPARC Local Workshop. KOPRI. 2017.10.19~2017.10.20.
Despite the recent significant climatic changes observed over West Antarctica, adequate validation of regional simulations of extreme weather events is rare for this region. To address this gap, simulation results from a recent version of the Polar Weather Research and Forecasting model (Polar WRF) covering Antarctic Peninsula at a high horizontal resolution of 3 km are validated against near-surface meteorological observations. We selected a case of high wind speed event on 7 January 2013 recorded at Automatic Meteorological Observation Station (AMOS) in King Sejong station, Antarctica. It is revealed by in situ observations, numerical weather prediction, and reanalysis fields that the synoptic and mesoscale environment of the strong wind event was due to the passage of a strong mesoscale polar low of center pressure 950hPa. Verifying model results from 3 km grid resolution simulation against AMOS observation showed that high skill in simulating wind speed and surface pressure with a bias of -1.1m/s and -1.2hPa, respectively. Our evaluation suggests that the Polar WRF can be used as a useful dynamic downscaling tool for the simulation of Antarctic weather systems and the near-surface meteorological instruments installed in King Sejong station can provide invaluable data for polar low studies over West Antarctica.
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WCRP/SPARC Local Workshop
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