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Chemical characteristics of submicron aerosols observed at the King Sejong Station in the northern Antarctic Peninsula from fall to spring

Cited 3 time in wos
Cited 3 time in scopus
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Title
Chemical characteristics of submicron aerosols observed at the King Sejong Station in the northern Antarctic Peninsula from fall to spring
Other Titles
세종기지 봄철에 측정한 미세에어로솔의 화학특성
Authors
Lim, Saehee
Lee, Meehye
Rhee, Tae Siek
Subject
Environmental Sciences & Ecology
Keywords
Organic carbon; Elemental carbon; Sea-salt; PM1; King Sejong Antarctic Station
Issue Date
2019-06
Citation
Lim, Saehee, et al. 2019. "Chemical characteristics of submicron aerosols observed at the King Sejong Station in the northern Antarctic Peninsula from fall to spring". SCIENCE OF THE TOTAL ENVIRONMENT, 668(1): 1310-1316.
Abstract
The water-soluble ions and carbonaceous compounds of PM1were measured at the King Sejong Station (KSG) in the northern part of Antarctic Peninsula from March to November in 2009. As the sum of all measured species including organic matter [OM; organic carbon (OC)*1.9], the PM1 mass reached a maximum of 936 ng m^3 with the mean of 686 ± 226 ng m^-3. The most abundant constituents were OM (389 ± 109 ng m^-3) and seasalts (Na+ and Cl-, 193 ± 122 ng m^-3), which comprised 85% of the PM1 mass. In contrast, the contribution of SO4^2?=- was below 1% and its depletion relative to Na+ was prevalent particularly during winter, which was attributed to the frost flowers on newly formed sea-ice surface. The OC concentrationwas the highest in fall and its subcomponents OC2 and OC3 were moderately correlated with sea-salts (r = 0.5), indicating the marine biogenic source for OC. The elemental carbon (EC) concentration was much lower than OC, leading to the mean OC/EC ratio over 10.While the charred fraction of EC (EC1) was elevated by the long-range transport of biomass burning plume from nearby continent, themass fraction of soot-EC (EC23) was increased concurrently with enhanced NO3-, suggesting EC23 as a good indicator for local influence in pristine environments like Antarctic region.
URI
https://repository.kopri.re.kr/handle/201206/10547
DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.02.099
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